What is ORP?

Posted on Nov 23, 2013 in ANTI-OXIDANT

What is ORP?

The second change that takes place in water during ionization is in the oxidation/reduction potential (ORP). ORP is a measurement of the strength of the oxidizing or reducing power
of a solution. Oxidation and reduction reactions involve an exchange of electrons. A negative ORP measurement indicates a surplus of electrons the more negative the number is, the greater the number of surplus electrons. A positive ORP measurement indicates instability. A solution with a positive ORP is hungry for electrons.

We see examples of oxidation and reduction all the time. Oxidation is responsible for the breakdown of a substance. Rusting iron and a slice of apple turning brown are both examples of slow oxidation reactions. Fire is an example of rapid oxidation. Oxidation occurs when unstable molecules that are lacking electrons “strip” electrons from other molecules. This begins a chain reaction (one molecule stripping an electron from another molecule which then takes one from another and another) until the substance rusts, turns brown, burns up, or is completely broken down.
Oxidation reactions also take place inside your body. They are a necessary function of the immune system which uses the oxidation reaction to strip electrons from bacteria and other
invaders in order to halt the growth of infection inside your body. The opposite reaction, (reduction) occurs when the bacteria have been destroyed. Antioxidants are sent in to donate electrons and stop the destructive chain reaction. But if you have insufficient antioxidants in the form of vitamins, minerals, and enzymes, oxidation continues, destroying good tissue. The destruction of good tissue is known free radical damage. Most people know that antioxidants stop free radical damage.

The essential function of an antioxidant is to supply electrons to electron-deficient free radicals so they no longer strip electrons from vital cells. The best antioxidants are the ones
that are the most bio-available and the ones with the greatest electron donating capacity.
Thousands of dollars are spent each year to purchase antioxidants for the purpose of stopping free radical damage because free radical damage is linked with inflammation, disease, pain, and aging. In fact, one well-known theory postulates that free radicals are the cause of aging. Having an ample supply of antioxidants is crucial for optimal health and graceful aging.
Besides being a measure of electron activity, ORP is a measure of the antioxidant capacity of a solution. Since negative ORP values indicate an abundance of available electrons, any
solution with a negative ORP is an antioxidant. A solution with a very negative ORP is an excellent antioxidant.

To put things in perspective, most bottled water has an ORP between +150 and +300 milivolts (mV). Tap water can have an ORP value as high as +500. Most water is literally free
radicals in a bottle. On the other hand, freshly juiced orange juice has an ORP between -200 and -100. Its antioxidant capacity is obvious. However, once the juice is exposed to the
air it will oxidize or lose its antioxidant power. Most processed orange juice has an ORP of about +200mV no longer an antioxidant but rather a contributor of free radicals in your
body. One reason why vitamin C (an antioxidant) is added to fruit juice is because the vitamin C donates its electrons and keeps the juice from turning brown (oxidizing).

During ionization, alkaline water gains an excess number of electrons. It becomes extremely potent antioxidant water. Kangen Water has an ORP between -300 and -800 depending on the original water. In other words, a glass of Kangen Water has a greater antioxidant capacity than a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice. Drinking alkaline, antioxidant water on a regular basis can help to reduce inflammation, pain, disease, and other symptoms of free radical damage. It is the easiest way to provide antioxidants and all you have to do is drink water!

Another benefit of drinking water with a negative ORP occurs in the intestines. Numerous digestive problems are due to a disturbance in the balance of microorganisms that inhabit
the digestive tract. Many of these problems can be resolved by replenishing and supporting the beneficial microorganisms that reside there. Bacterial microorganisms are known to
flourish at different oxidation-reduction potentials (ORP). The friendly bacteria in the intestines are over 95% anaerobic. They require negative ORP values to flourish. Drinking
water and consuming foods with a negative ORP value supports the growth of the beneficial bacteria in the intestinal tract and helps establish ongoing microbial balance. Perhaps this is one reason that many digestive problems resolve when people begin to drink Kangen Water .

And what about the acidic water? While the alkaline portion of the water gains electrons, the acidic portion loses electrons. This creates a solution with a highly positive ORP measurement. It literally becomes free radical water much more so than tap water. Remember the function of free radicals in your body? They strip electrons from other molecules and they are capable of destroying bacteria, fungus, and viral pathogens extremely rapidly. Strong acidic water is a proven anti-bacterial, anti-microbial, and antifungal for use on skin, foods, plants, countertops, etc. It has been used as a disinfectant in many hospitals and restaurants for many years.10 It was the strong acidic water that I witnessed in Japan being used to kill bacteria in gangrenous tissue. The strong alkaline water was then used to reduce inflammation caused by free radical damage.
Besides being a great antibacterial wash (one of the best there is because it contains no toxic substances or antibiotics), strong acidic water is great to have around the kitchen. It works well to disinfect countertops and cutting boards. It is also a wonderful aid to cleaning. The natural acidity of the water helps to remove hard water deposits on glass and other surfaces.

Dr. Dave Carpenter, N.D., C. Ac., C.C.I.

 

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